The defense industry operates at the intersection of the public and private sectors in a global arena and routinely interacts with foreign legal systems and diverse cultures. Navigating these different contexts creates challenges for the defense industry, particularly where legal and ethical norms conflict. How should a defense industry company conduct business in countries where government officials operate according to different moral norms? Should the defense industry be responsive to ethical objections to technological developments in the context of surveillance or controversial new weapons such as autonomous weapons systems? Should the global defense industry be held to a higher standard than other industries given the sensitive and potentially controversial nature of its enterprise? Domestically, other pressing questions arise. Should partnerships between the defense industry and institutions of higher learning be encouraged? Do such partnerships raise ethical concerns?
The purpose of this conference, held in partnership with Lockheed Martin Corporation, is to inspire constructive discussion pertaining to such questions, by bringing together distinguished practitioners and scholars from the private sector, academia, government service and the military to engage in an in-depth exploration of the moral and legal challenges facing the global defense industry.
|WEDNESDAY, APRIL 15, 2015|
|4:30 – 6:00 pm||Public Keynote: “Counterproductive Coalitions”|
Ms. Sarah Chayes, Senior Associate, Carnegie Endowment for International PeacePartnering with “front-line” militaries has become a centerpiece of President Obama’s counter-terrorism policy. Yet the governments those militaries serve might be described as sophisticated criminal organizations, whose core objective is the use of public office to amass personal gain. Though human rights considerations do constrain some delivery of U.S. military assistance, the problem may be broader than the Leahy Law, for example, draws it. Are these really the best partners in the effort to combat extremism? What precautions are being taken to avoid associating the U.S. with the abuses of these governments?
|6:00 – 7:00 pm||Cocktail Reception|
|7:30 – 9:00 pm||Dinner for Conference Participants|
|THURSDAY, APRIL 16, 2015|
|8:00 – 8:30 am||Breakfast|
|8:30 – 8:35||Welcome Remarks, Professor Claire O. Finkelstein, Founder and Director of CERL, University of Pennsylvania|
|8:35 – 9:45 am||Session 1Fiduciary Duties and Moral Obligations: Addressing Corruption in Multicultural EnvironmentsModerator: Mr. William R. Craven, Chair of the Executive Board of CERL|
|9:45 – 10:15 am||Break|
|10:15 – 11:30 am||Session 2Assessing Legal Standards in the Defense Industry from an Ethical PerspectiveModerator: Mr. Mark Pyman, Transparency International UK|
|11:30 am – 1:00 pm||Lunch and Keynote: Promoting Ethical Decision-making in the Defense IndustryDr. Patricia J. Harned, CEO, Ethics and Compliance Officers Association and Ethics Resource CenterThere is evidence that organizations can empower individual employees to make good decisions in everyday business, by creating cultures and programs that foster ethics and compliance. Dr. Harned will present findings from the Ethics Research Center’s (ERC) longitudinal study of the industry through the Defense Industry Benchmark (DIB), a project of the Defense Industry Initiative (DII).|
|1:00 – 2:15 pm||Session 3Ethical Dilemmas in New TechnologiesModerator: Professor George R. Lucas Jr., University of Notre Dame|
|2:15 – 2:45 pm||Break|
|2:45 – 4:00 pm||Session 4Should Universities Partner with the Defense Industry?Moderator: Professor Claire O. Finkelstein, University of Pennsylvania|
Vice President, Internal Audit and Chief Ethics Officer, Day&Zimmermann
Deputy Judge Advocate, U.S. Army
Managing Shareholder, Berger & Montague, P.C.
Senior Associate, Democracy and Rule of Law Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Illinois Institute of Technology, Philosophy
Partner, Schnader Harrison Segal & Lewis LLP
University of Pennsylvania, Law and Philosophy
Research Fellow for Center for Ethics and the Rule of Law, University of Pennsylvania
Ave Maria School of Law
Former Acting President and CEO of NPR
CEO, Ethics and Compliance Officers Association and Ethics Resource Center
Tufts University, International Affairs
Deputy General Counsel and Chief Compliance Officer, General Electric Aviation Operation
University of Notre Dame, Reilly Center for Science, Technology, and Values
University of Pennsylvania, Legal Studies and Business Ethics
United States Naval Academy, Ethics
Dalhousie University, Philosophy
Vice President, Ethics & Business Conduct, Lockheed Martin Corporation
Director, Ethics Awareness and Operations, Lockheed Martin Corporation
University of Maryland, Philosophy
University of Pennsylvania, Legal Studies and Business Ethics
Department of State
Former Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics and Technology
Director, International Defense & Security Programme, Transparency International UK
Director of Research for Center for Ethics and the Rule of Law, University of Pennsylvania
Director, Business Ethics and Compliance for Raytheon Company
George Washington University, Government Contracts Law
Center for Immigration Studies
George Washington University, Law
Co-Founder, Transparency International
Corporate and Foundation Relations Officer, University of Pennsylvania
DePaul University, Philosophy
Center for Translational Medicine; Physicians for Human Rights
George Washington University, Government Procurement Law
Council for a Livable World, Attorney at Law
Defence Groups Quiet on Anti-Corruption Measures , Financial Times, April 27, 2015
Blackwater’s Legacy Goes Beyond Public View , New York Times, April 14, 2015
Ex-U.S. Army Colonel Tied to Tilton Equity Firm Reaches Plea Deal , Reuters, April 8, 2015
Blackwater: One of the Pentagon’s Top Contractors for Afghanistan Training , The Nation, March 31, 2015
American Association of University Professors, Academic Freedom and National Security in a Time of Crisis
Association of American Universities, National Defense Education and Initiative: Meeting America’s Security Challenges in the 21st Century (2006).
Barton H. Halpern, Keith F. Snider, Products that Kill and Corporate Social Responsibility: The Case of U.S. Defense Firms , 38.4 Armed Forces & Society (2012).
Charlie Cray, Lee Drutman, Corporations and the Public Purpose: Restoring the Balance, 4.1 Seattle J. for Social Justice (2005)
Connie Glaser, Doing a Good Job Isn’t Enough – ‘Cultural Astuteness’ is Needed to Succeed , Business First – Louisville (July 2009).
Deborah G. Johnson, Technology with no Human Responsibility?, J. Bus. Ethics (2014).
Doreen Lustig, The Nature of the Nazi State and the Question of International Criminal Responsibility of Corporate Officials at Nuremberg: Revisiting Franz Neumann’s Concept of Behemoth at the Industrialist Trials, 43 N.Y.U. J. INT’L L. & POL. 965 (2011).
Edmund F. Byrne, Assessing Arms Makers’ Corporate Social Responsibility , 74 J. Bus. Ethics (2007).
Gavin Maitland, The Ethics of the International Arms Trade , 7.4 Bus. Ethics (1998).
Joseph C. Bryce, Thomas J. Gibson, and Daryn E. Rush, Ethics in Government, 29Am. Crim. L. Rev. 315 (1991).
Joshua Newberg and Richard Dunn, Keeping Secrets in the Campus Lab: Law, Values, and Rules of Engagement for Industry-University R&D Partnerships (2002).
Margot Cleveland, Christopher M. Favo, Thomas J. Frecka, Charles L. Owens, Trends in the International Fight Against Bribery .
Mark Pyman, Regina Wilson, Dominic Scott,The Extent of Single Sourcing in Defense Procurement and its Relevance as a Corruption Risk: A First Look, 20.3 Defense and Peace Economics 215 (2009).
Michael N. Tennison, Jonathan D. Moreno, Neuroscience, Ethics, and National Security: The State of the Art, 10.3 Plos Biology (2012).
Robert Latiff, Ethical Issues in Defense Systems Acquisition , in Routledge Handbook of Military Ethics (George Lucas ed., 2015).
Steven L. Schooner and Nathaniel E. Castellano, Review Essay: Reading the Dream Machine: The Untold Story of the Notorious V-22 Osprey, 43.3 Public Contract Law Journal 391 (2014).
Transparency International, Building Integrity and Countering Corruption in Defense and Security: 20 Practical Reforms (2011).
Transparency International, Codes of Conduct in Defense Ministries and Armed Forces: What Makes a Good Code of Conduct? (2011).
Transparency International, Defense Offsets: Addressing the Risks of Corruption & Raising Transparency (2010).
Transparency International, Organized Crime, Corruption, and the Vulnerability of Defense and Security Forces (2011).
Session 1: Fiduciary Duties and Moral Obligations: Addressing Corruption in a Multicultural Environment
Session 2: Assessing Legal Standards in the Defense Industry from an Ethical Perspective
Charlie Cray, Lee Drutman, Corporations and the Public Purpose: Restoring the Balance, 4.1 Seattle J. for Social Justice (2005).
Session 3: Ethical Dilemmas in Expertise and New Technologies
Session 4: Should Universities Partner with the Defense Industry?
Association of American Universities, National Defense Education and Initiative: Meeting America’s Security Challenges in the 21st Century (2006). Excerpt
Joshua Newberg and Richard Dunn, Keeping Secrets in the Campus Lab: Law, Values, and Rules of Engagement for Industry-University R&D Partnerships (2002). Excerpt
For any questions regarding the conference or registration, please contact: Jennifer Cohen at [email protected]